Congratulations to the 2010 honorees...click name for bios
|Bob Wickey||Carolyn Center||Kevin Lippert||Kevin Murphy|
|Mark Skinner||Mary Martinik||Neil Harding||Sam Freedman|
|All bios written by George Albano, assistant sports editor and columnist at The Hour Newspaper in Norwalk, CT.|
Very few athletes have ever lived up to their
name as well as Carolyn Center did during her outstanding career at Staples High
Center was just that: A “center.” The Westport native was the starting center on the 1995 state champion Staples girls basketball team, and also manned the middle, or center, on the Wreckers’ girls volleyball team that won the FCIAC and went to the state finals her sophomore year.
And whether she was playing volleyball in the fall, basketball in the winter, or softball in the spring, Carolyn Center was usually the center of attention.
But there’s no disputing she made her biggest impact on the hardwood.
Center was a four-year starter on the basketball team, earning All-East Division honors as a sophomore and named All-FCIAC as a junior and senior. She was also named second-team all-state as a junior and first-team all-state her senior year.
She capped off her scholastic career in 1995 by being named All-American by the National High School Coaches Association
That senior season is still the most memorable in Staples High girls basketball history. The Wreckers finished 26-2, and won their last 18 games after an overtime loss to defending FCIAC and state champ Bridgeport Central in early January.
Staples would gain revenge, however, not once, but twice, defeating Central 53-39 in the FCIAC final to snap the Hilltoppers’ 49-game win streak.
Two weeks later, the two teams would meet again in the Class LL state final, and the Wreckers would prevail again, this time 41-31behind Center’s game-high 18 points as Staples claimed its first state championship in girls basketball.
The Wreckers may not have even reached the finals if not for Center, whose free throw with three seconds remaining in the semifinals gave Staples a dramatic 37-36 win over NFA.
The 6-foot-2 senior center finished fifth in FCIAC scoring that season with a 14.1 average to go along with 11 rebounds a game and 90 blocked shots. She was not only selected to play in the prestigious Connecticut School Boy Classic, but was named the MVP of the girls all-star game after leading Fairfield County to the championship.
A 1,000-point scorer in her career, Center made The Hour All-Area team her last three years and was MVP as a senior. She was named to the Hartford Courant’s “Top 15 Basketball Players” in the state all three years as well.
In addition, she was named All-Connecticut Post in 1994 and ’95, and was the Post’s Female Athlete of the Year during the 1994-95 school year.
That honor also took into consideration Center’s outstanding play on the volleyball court, where she helped the Wreckers win the FCIAC and reach the Class L state finals as a sophomore in 1992, and return to the FCIAC finals her senior year. She was a two-time All-FCIAC selection and an all-state pick her senior year. She also made The Hour All-Area team back to back years, and was MVP as a senior, as well as MVP of the Connecticut Post All-Area team.
Center, who was named the Wreckers’ team MVP in both volleyball and basketball, was also the starting first baseball on the softball team and a team captain in all three sports.
She continued her basketball career in college, receiving a four-year scholarship to the University of Richmond where she was named first-team All-Colonial Athletic Association and team MVP in 1999. She also made the CAA All-Academic Team and was the University of Richmond Scholar Athlete.
Following graduation, Center played professionally for the Northampton 76ers in Northampton, England during the 1999-2000 season. That same season, she coached an All-England Under-15 girls team.
Center returned to the states after one season overseas to pursue a career in athletic administration. She worked with special events and postseason ticketing at the Commissioners Office for Major League Baseball in New York City.
She then returned to the South as the mercahndising manager for the Norfolk Tides Triple A minor league baseball team. With a desire to work in collegiate athletics, Center moved to Raleigh, N.C., to pursue a Master’s degree in Sports Manangement at North Carolina State Univeristy.
While at NC State, Center worked with the Wolfpack Club, which is the fundraising arm for the school’s athletic department. She would spend the next three years working in several different capacities involving fundraisers before moving to the University of Louisville in the Fall of 2004 as an Associate Director of Development in the Athletic Department.
Then in 2006, Center was named the Director of Development for the University of Georgia Athletic Association, where she currently manages the school’s annual giving operation, the athletic department’s No. 1 source of revenue.
She has also managed to stay close to the sport she still loves as a volunteer coach for a sixth-grade girls basketball team in Athens, Ga.
As a Connecticut Superior Court Judge
for more than 30 years, a World War II veteran, a former state representative,
and an active member of the Westport civic and social scenes, Sam Freedman is a
perfect choice for this year’s Citizenship Award.
Freedman’s distinguished law career spans more than a half-century. After attending the University of Connecticut, he earned his bachelor’s degree in Foreign Affairs and a Phi Beta Kappa key at George Washington University’s School of Government. He went on to earn a Juris Doctor degree from Yale Law School in 1954 and became a partner at Freedman, Peck and Freedman with offices in Bridgeport and Westport.
Freedman practiced law for nearly a quarter of a century, often in the criminal courtroom where he also served for a time as Special Public Defender for Fairfield County.
It was also during this period, in 1972, that Freedman was elected to the Connecticut House of Representatives, serving the 135th District of Westport, Weston and Easton. While in Hartford, Freedman chaired the Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Criminal Justice.
He also authored and sponsored the bill that created the present-day Public Defender System which became a model for other states. The Legislature appointed him its chief legal counsel, or Legislative Commissioner, in 1975, and he later served as Chairman of Gov. William O’Neill’s statewide advisory committee on the Deinstitutionalization of people with developmental disabilities.
It was in 1978 that Freedman rose to the height of his judicial career when he was appointed as a judge on the Connecticut Superior Court. He served on a number of committees, including the Court’s executive committee from 1985-95. Then in 1997, he added the title of Judge Trial Referee, a senior position he still holds today.
In honor of his services, Freedman’s portrait is displayed in the main criminal courtroom at the Stamford courthouse.
During his 32-year tenure, Freedman has also served on the Public Defender Commission from 1988-96, on the Chief Justice’s Task Force on Post Verdict Juror Contact, on the Connecticut Task Force on Tort Reform, and on the Chief Justice’s Committee to Review Court Rules.
Freedman’s journey to the Connecticut Superior Court was highlighted by several honors, including the 1973 Press Award as the Outstanding Freshman Legislator. Among the positions he held on a number of committees was Associate Commissioner of the National Conference on Uniform State Laws from 1974-76, and Parliamentarian on the Connecticut Republican Party from 1976-77.
Closer to home, Freedman was on the Westport Republican Town Committee where he served as chairman of the Rules Revision Committee.
He is also a member of the Westport Center for the Environment and the Westport Historical Society. In addition, he is a past member of the Connecticut Association of Children with Learning Disabilities, the Yale Clubs of New York and Eastern Fairfield County, and the Algonquin Club of Bridgeport.
And while Judge Freedman maintains a busy court schedule, he still finds the time to teach classes on Legislation and Felony Trial practice to inspiring future lawyers at the Quinnipiac University School of Law.
In fact, he has taught at the Law School since 1983, and in 1997 was named a distinguished Judicial Scholar at Law at the University. He also has taught at Yale Law School, Yale School of Management and Sacred Heart University. This year at graduation, Quinnipiac University conferred upon him an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree.
Judge Freedman has been a member of the American Law Institute since 1985 and this year was voted a life member. He has also been a member of the Connecticut Bar Association since 1954, the Connecticut Judges Association since 1980, and is a past member of the Bridgeport and Westport Bar Associations.
Freedman also authored a book in 1978, and has written several articles for law journals over the years. Early in his career he wrote a column for three Connecticut Newspapers – including the Westport News – on government and the arts.
This year’s Citizenship Award recipient lives in Westport with his wife, former State Sen. Judith Freedman, the longest-serving woman in state senate history. They are the parents of a daughter, Martha Ann.
Neil Harding began earning this year’s William A. Krause Jr. Humanitarian Award more than three decades ago.
It was in 1979 that Harding, a volunteer for Westport’s EMS at the time, and Lt. Edwin Audley of the Westport Police Department saw a need for a larger organization and formed the Westport Volunteer Emergency Medical Service.
Harding has been a member for the past 31 years, including two terms as president as well as serving on the Board of Directors and holding the position of Crew Chief.
Under the volunteer status, the organization has taken the level of care from basic to intermediate and finally to a paramedic level service which now provides the highest level of care to the people of Westport. Harding has been an integral part of that transition.
In addition, the volunteer service has always been responsible for all of the capital expenditures, including the purchase of ambulances, cardiac monitors and associated equipment, through generous contributions from the Westport community.
Tonight is not the first time Harding has been recognized for his volunteer work. Born in Bridgeport, Harding was only 16 years-old when he was honored by the North End Boys Club in 1959 as the “Boy of the Year” for his volunteer work teaching swimming and life saving skills.
In 1968, Harding graduated from the American Academy McAllister Institute of Funeral Service in New York City and began working for the Smith Funeral Home in Milford, and part-time for Chamberlain Ambulance in Milford.
The following year, Harding and his family moved from Milford to Fairfield, where he still resides, and he went to work for Collins Funeral Home in Norwalk. In 1972, he completed the Emergency Medical Technician course at Norwalk Hospital and joined the Stratfield Volunteer Fire Department in Fairfield, where he continued his work in EMS and Vehicle Rescue.
During his tenure at Stratfield, Harding served as president twice and rose to the rank of captain.
He first became a part of the Westport community in January 1977 when he acquired the Charles H. Lewis Funeral Home. A short time later, he developed a friendship with Lt. Audley and started volunteering for Westport EMS. Two years later, the Westport Volunteer Emergency Medical Service was born.
And 31 years later, Neil Harding is the 2010 recipient of the Sportsmen’s William A. Krause Jr. Humanitarian Award.
The 2010 recipient of the Sportsmen’s
Coaching Award has been a part of the Staples High School wrestling program for
the past 16 years.
Make that an even two decades if you count his days as a wrestler for the Wreckers.
Kevin Lippert actually began wrestling in Westport even before that, in 1983 as an 85-pound wrestler in the town’s middle school youth wrestling program.
Two years later, he was wrestling 103 pounds for Staples High under the watchful eye of veteran coach John Chacho, the same season the Wreckers won their last FCIAC championship.
Lippert would wrestle the next three seasons between the 119 and 140 pound weight classes, before the 1988 graduate wrestled one season at Penn State University.
But it was at the coaching level where the former Wreckers grappler made his biggest impact at his alma mater, returning in 1994-95 as an assistant coach.
After seven seasons, Lippert was named the head wrestling coach at Staples in 2001-02 and has spent the last nine seasons in that role, accumulating 122 career victories. During that span, he has also coached four Class L state champions and eight state runners-up, as well as one FCIAC champ and another seven wrestlers who reached the conference finals.
One of his career highlights came in 2004 when he helped guide the trio of Sloan Holzman, Andrew Sichel and Addison Freeman to 100 career victories each while combining for two state championships and four runner-up finishes.
“One hundred career wins for a wrestler is an impressive feat,” Lippert noted. “Having three graduating together with 100 wins was exciting.”
The above trio was also part of a graduating class that saw five senior wrestlers achieve academic excellence and continue their educations at Columbia University, Princeton, Brown, George Washington University, and the University of Washington in Saint Louis, five of the top schools in the country.
“Great wrestlers who were phenomenal students,” Lippert said. “My proudest moment.”
He would enjoy another proud moment in 2008 when he watched Spencer Cohen register 140 wins and 111 pins, both Staples High career records. Lippert is equally proud of the fact Cohen then “joined the Marines to protect and serve our country.”
In addition to his duties as the Staples coach, Lippert also served as head coach of the Wesport PAL Middle School wrestling team in the Western Connecticut Wrestling League from 2001-06. Since 2006, he’s been an overseeing administrator and coach with the successful program.
And since 2001, he has been a Connecticut wrestling official on the junior varsity and middle school level.
Prior to coaching wrestling, Lippert coached baseball in the Westport Little League from 1986-89, leading the Pontiacs to the playoffs every year. He was also the junior varsity softball coach at Greens Farms Academy from 2001-02.
A native of Long Beach, N.Y., Lippert graduated from Penn State in 1993 and received his Master’s Degree in Learning Disabilities from Southern Connecticut State University in 2002. He taught one year at Stamford High School, and for the last 11 years has been a Special Education teacher at West Rocks Middle School in Norwalk.
When he’s not teaching or coaching, Lippert, a certified
emergency medical technician, has found time in the past six years to volunteer
for Westport EMS, as well as direct traffic for the Westport Police Department.
Lippert and his wife, the former Stephanie Gelman, who graduated in 1990 from Staples, where she played field hockey, basketball and track, reside in Monroe with their ninth-month old son Reilly Preston Lippert.
epitomizes the word “Sportsman.”
Whether it was as an athlete, coach, athletic director or in her current role as a Physical Education and Health teacher, sports has always been a big part of Martinik’s life.
That was certainly the case at Garden City High School in Long Island where she played three years of varsity field hockey, volleyball and basketball, and was also a varsity cheerleader for two years.
And with no girls gymnastics team at the time, Martinik became the first girl in New York State to compete on a boys gymnastics team for one season. She capped off her outstanding scholastic career by being named the Top Female Athlete in Nassau County, and in 1985 was the first female inducted into the Garden City High School Sports Hall of Fame.
Martinik went on to become a two-sport standout at Southern Connecticut State University. She was a key member of the women’s gymnastics team all four years and captain as a junior and senior, while also qualifying for Nationals in the all-around her last two years. She was also a four-year starting outfielder on the Owls’ softball team.
While in college, Martinik appeared in “Who’s Who Among Students in American Universities and Colleges” for achieving a 3.9 GPA while playing two varsity sports.
She continued playing softball after college and competed in the ASA World Tournament, helping her team place second one year in Grand Praire, Texas.
Following her graduation, Martinik joined the Darien Public School System and coached the Darien High School girls gymnastics team from 1976-87. She compiled a sparkling record of 125-30, led the Blue Wave to a runner-up finish in both the FCIAC and state one season, and coached several individual state champions.
From 1976-82, Martinik also coached field hockey and softball at Mather Junior High, accumulating a record of 63-3-3 in field hockey and 40-17 in softball.
Martinik next taught in Trumbull Public Schools from 1987-93 before arriving in Westport in the fall of ’93. She taught PE and Health at Coleytown Middle School from 1993-97, and from 1997-2000 was the Director of Athletics at Staples High School and the K-12 Coordinator of Physical Education and Health.
She returned to Coleytown as a PE teacher in 2000-01 before moving over to Bedford Middle School where she is completing her ninth year of teaching physical education.
Martinik is very active with Team Liaison for Special Area Teachers and is the Blue/Gold Council Advisor for 30 Student Council members. Under her supervision, the council has participated in such community activities as “Hoops for Heart,” a basketball fundraiser for the American Heart Association; the “Crutches for Kids” drive, which collected over 100 sets of crutches for people in Haiti; the “Bedford Helps Haiti” bracelet sale, which raised over $1,700; Team Read and the Community Children’s Book drive to provide books for underprivileged new and young mothers; and the “Penguin Plunge” where a team of students plunge into the winter water off Compo Beach to benefit Connecticut Special Olympics.
In 1995, Martinik was named the Middle School Physical Education Teacher of the Year by the Connecticut Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance and NASPE, while in 2001 she received the CTAHPERD Professional Service Award.
Despite her busy professional life, Martinik never stopped playing sports. She played USTA Tennis from 1990-2005, reaching the USTA Nationals in 1993 in Palm Spring, Calif.
That made three sports Martinik competed in successfully on the national level.
And since 2004, Martinik has participated in the National Senior Games in softball, winning a gold medal in 2007 in Louisville, Ky., and a silver medal in 2009 at San Jose, California.
Martinik has been a member of CTAHPERD since 1976, has held the position of Vice President of Physical Education, and has been the Exhibit’s Chairperson for the state conference for the past 15 years.
She is also in the second year of a six-year term as an elected member of the Southern Connecticut State University alumni board of directors.
In addition, to her playing and coaching, Martinik was a field hockey official from 1976-94, and a USGF Gymnastics judge from 1976-90.
Martinik resides in Monroe with her husband Jeffrey and they have three children: Christina, who played varsity soccer at the University of Delaware and was captain her senior year; Michelle, who played varsity basketball at Southern Connecticut and was a starting guard on the 2007 Division II national championship team; and Andrew, who is currently a sophomore at SCSU.
The Sportsmen of Westport will come
full cycle tonight on an era in Staples High School soccer history known as the
Ed Murphy, who played for the Wreckers from 1971-73, will join older brother Dennis (1970-72) and younger brother Kenny (1973-75) tonight as a Sportsmen Award winner. Dennis and Kenny were both honored at last year’s Dinner of Champions.
Kevin Murphy, the youngest of the four soccer playing brothers and who wore the blue and white colors from 1974-76, is also being honored with a Sportsmen Award tonight to complete the quartet.
And what a quartet it was. In seven years at Staples, the Murphys were a part of six FCIAC championship clubs and four state title teams.
In fact, on five of those seven teams there were two Murphys on the roster, and between them the four brothers won a combined 11 FCIAC crowns and seven state championships.
Ed Murphy never knew what it felt like not to win the FCIAC and state titles. Staples won the FCIAC championship outright his sophomore and junior years, while the Wreckers shared the title when he was a senior.
Meanwhile, all three SHS teams he played on ended the season with a win in the Class L state final, matching brother Dennis with a trio of FCIAC and state titles. What’s more, the Wreckers were unbeaten in the last 44 games Ed Murphy played.
The 1974 graduate capped off his scholastic career by making the All-FCIAC team and being recognized as a High School All-American.
Murphy went on to play three more years of soccer at the University of Connecticut from 1974-76, going from one legendary coach – Albie Loeffler at Staples – to another legendary coach – Joe Morrone at UConn.
The championship run Murphy enjoyed in Westport continued in Storrs as the Huskies won the New England Regional championship all three years he was there, while reaching the Elite Eight of the NCAA Division I tournament in 1974 and ’76.
Following his graduation, Murphy would return to his alma mater at Staples, where he served as an assistant coach on the Wreckers’ 1978 state title team.
While at Staples, Murphy also played hockey, scoring four goals and recording 13 assists as a senior.
Now 36 years later, Murphy resides in New Hampshire with his wife Carol, and he has worked in sales and sales management for 30 years, including the last 10 in the Business to Business publishing industry for Pennwell Publishing.
Very few players have come through the
storied Staples High School soccer program with as much to prove as Kevin Murphy
did when he arrived on campus in the fall of 1974.
Murphy was the youngest of four brothers to have played soccer on North Avenue, following in the footsteps of Dennis (1970-72), Eddie (1971-73), and Kenny (1973-75), who all won multiple FCIAC championships.
Talk about a tough act to follow.
But Kevin Murphy also became a part of that tradition when the Staples soccer teams he played for in 1974 and ’75 won FCIAC titles, while the 1976 squad his senior year captured a third straight East Division crown.
Not only did the Murphy championship pedigree continue, but tonight Kevin follows in the footsteps of his older brothers once again as a Westport Sportsmen Award winner, joining Dennis and Ken, who were honored last year, and Ed, who is also being recognized tonight.
During his three seasons at Staples, Kevin was one of the Wreckers’ anchors on defense at the sweeper position, earning All-FCIAC and all-state accolades as a junior in 1975. As a senior, he finished second on the team with seven goals as he repeated as All-County and all-state, and was also named All-New England.
That 1976 season was not only his last at Staples – marking the end of the Murphy Era – but it was also the 18th and final season for the legendary Albie Loeffler as head coach.
Following his graduation in 1977, Murphy continued his soccer career at the University of Rhode Island, where he started at sweeper for four seasons. What’s more, he was named All-NEISL and All-New England all four years, while as a senior in 1980 he was selected as a first-team All-American.
Murphy would go on to play professional soccer in 1981 as a fullback with the Detroit Express of the American Soccer League. He would return to Rhode Island in 1996 to be inducted into the URI Soccer Hall of Fame.
Even after his own playing days were over, Murphy remained close to the game he excelled in as a coach for 12 years with the Wilton travel soccer program.
While at Staples, Murphy also played center on the Wreckers’ ice hockey team, and later coached Ridgefield travel hockey for nine years and Connecticut Yankees Triple A hockey for eight seasons.
In fact, Murphy is still involved with sports through his two sons, John and Brian, who both play golf at the University of California at Berkeley.
Murphy and his wife, the former Janet Guggeis, reside in Wilton. A former commodities trader on Wall Street, he now owns and operates Kevin Murphy Commodities.
More than three decades after throwing his
last block for the Staples High School football team and winning the New England
championship in the discus, Mark Skinner returns home tonight as a Westport
Sportsmen award winner.
“He was one of the greatest athletes the school ever had,” the legendary Paul Lane, Skinner’s head coach in both football and track, said. “He was probably the strongest kid we ever had.”
Skinner, a 1967 graduate, played three seasons of varsity football for the Wreckers in the fall of 1964, ’65 and ’66. While he excelled on both the offensive and defensive lines, Skinner really made his mark at offensive tackle.
“We had him and Win Headley on the same line,” Lane pointed out. “Win was an All-American at Wake Forest and went on to play in the Canadian Football League.”
Meanwhile, Skinner was selected to play in the 1967 Nutmeg Bowl, Connecticut’s prestigious summer all-star game, before heading off to Ferrum Junior College in Virginia. During his second season there, Skinner was named all-conference at offensive tackle and helped the Panthers win the 1968 National Junior College Athletic Association championship.
He went on to play at Division I University of Richmond, where he was converted to offensive guard and earned all-conference honors as a senior in 1970.
“He was a great guard,” Lane said. “He had tremendous speed. He used to lead all the sweeps in college and would outrun the running backs.”
Skinner’s final season at Richmond was impressive enough to draw the attention of the NFL Houston Oilers, who signed him in 1971. He was released from camp before the season, and in 1972 was invited to a tryout by the Washington franchise in the fledgling World Football League.
But football wasn’t the only sport Skinner shined in at Staples. He was also a member of the track team in the spring his junior and senior years, and threw the discus, shot put and javelin.
His specialty, though, was the discus, an event he captured the 1971 state title in, and a few weeks later became the first discus thrower in Staples history to win a New England championship.
“He was a great discus thrower. Nobody could beat him,” Lane said. “He was probably one of the top 10 in the country.”
Besides the weight events, Skinner was a key member of the Wreckers’ 880 relay team.
“Mark was a big kid, about 235 pounds, but he was also a great sprinter,” Lane noted. “He was just an outstanding athlete.”
Skinner, now 61, resides in Denver, N.C., with his wife Janine. He is a general contractor in both residential and commercial construction, and previously worked as a real estate agent.
Bob Wickey truly symbolizes what the
Westport PAL is all about.
He is that quiet, selfless, tireless volunteer who devotes countless hours to all PAL-sponsored activities, while never seeking, or needing, acknowledgement for doing the right thing.
Tonight, however, he has no choice but to be acknowledged as the recipient of this year’s PAL Award by the Sportsmen of Westport for his dedicated service.
“I think the philosophy of being involved in community activities is more than just writing a check,” Wickey said. “If a deed needs to be done, that’s something I can do. Maybe others don’t have the time, but I have the time.
“Some people commute to New York and don’t have the time to devote. I have the time.”
Wickey, who moved to Westport in 1991, has been involved with the Westport PAL for the past 12 years, joining the local organization in 1998.
“There was a need at the time and I thought it was important to be a part of the community,” he said. “The organization grew and people like Ed Fiore and Carm Roda and others have done a tremendous job of pushing it forward.”
Wickey could have certainly included himself in that group. Whether it was managing the PAL concession for the Longshore Fireworks or working in the PAL food tent at the Italian Fesitval, Wickey was always there.
That wasn’t all he did. In 2002, drawing upon his professional experience in finances, the Westport PAL made Wickey its treasurer, an important position he continues to hold.
In another vital role, Wickey was active in establishing and managing the Ice Rink at Longshore, which the PAL owns.
But his volunteer efforts went beyond his many hours of work with the PAL. He also managed the Staples Snack Bar during the 2007 football season when his son was in the Wreckers’ program.
When his children were younger, Wickey coached his daughter Sydney’s seventh-grade basketball team and his son George’s Little League team.
He also served as director and treasurer of the Darien Youth Hockey Association from 1999-2004, and sponsored his son’s team for three years.
A native of Manchester, N.H., Wickey was very involved in sports himself growing up. In basketball, he played center for Manchester West High School, which won the New Hampshire state championship his senior year.
He was also a two-way starter on the football team at offensive and defensive end, and was named the “Best Athlete” in his senior class.
After graduating in 1973, Wickey continued his education at St. Anselm College in his hometown of Manchester, earning a BA in Math and Economics. He went on to earn his MBA in Finance from the Johnson School of Business at Cornell University, and later attended the London Business School. He is currently with Equinox Investment Partners.
Wickey and his wife, Penny (Pinsky) Wickey, have three children, Emily, Sydney and George.